And I think, Ink that goes hand in hand with this idea that we value. So highly as human beings, the outer parts of the cerebral cortex, the parts that are uniquely human. The parts that let us, for example, have a language and the five senses, which I Now understand they're not uniquely human. But these are the parts though of the outer cortex of the brain, our ability to plan and to project into the future, and we value these. So highly We do that in reflexive way. Why do we value that? Just because the endpoint of the cortex is the farthest, the brain is grown out word. That's the part. That is a budding up against our skulls. But like, we don't do that with roads. I don't say that if a road is going somewhere. I want to go that. Oh, but it's better to keep going. Maybe that road dead-ends in a muddy place. I can't get out of what may be happening. Is that there's a brain stem. That's the earlier part of the brain. The first part of the brain that's about like, the basics of survival. Rival, temperature, regulation, (expletive) drive appetite. And then at the other end of the spectrum, there's the cortex that is about the things that we need in order to Keep Us Alive. And that maybe like, what the five senses are about. For example, it's about innocence vigilance and it's about keeping us alive and that's important, but it may be that the brain stem which is should have about, just staying alive and the cortex, which is about Angle live in a different way by monitoring and navigating. Our environment are less interesting than what is in between. So that's where the amygdala, is Grand, Central Station for negative emotion and the emotion that impacts vigilance the hippocampus, which is about memory. What's the hippocampus connected to the amygdala to the limbic system in. Emotion is so important to how we remember things in the meaning we put in memories and to be insular cortex, the part of the brain that it may Maybe that the insular cortex is really about life lived, or life felt and understood. And that these medicines along with psychotherapeutic, tactics can do this to and judicious use of standard medicines can help do this where we're living more in the part of the brain that can actually understand and assess what life is about. And it may be that the psychedelics altering the default mode Network and changing how the brain is. Were the seat of the brains existence consciously and unconsciously is at opens up the ability to get out of the cortex. And into the part of the brain that says, gosh something terrible happened. Like what is that? And what does that mean? Without all the the reflexive loading of guilt and shame the million thoughts. We may have had that can perpetuate guilt and shame and the narrowing of perspective. That's an excellent way to put it. It's almost as though. Before we consciously think about trauma for the many of the people who have suffered trauma. If not most, there's almost a boot up sequence in the background, which is what you're about to think about or talk about was your fault because you're flawed. Yes, colon, and then you have right, right? And if that is the canvas upon, which all subsequent thoughts are painted, right? You can predictably experience a very challenging interpretation of yourself and of events. The think it's reinforced because that challenging interpretation gets reinforced the next time you think about it and the next, and the next, and the next.
Acting on the Default Mode Network, Psychedelics Help People With Trauma Escape Their Cortex
#533: Paul Conti, MD How Trauma Works and How to Heal From It